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Vue Query

Installation

pnpm add @ts-rest/vue-query @tanstack/vue-query

This is a client using @ts-rest/vue-query, using @tanstack/vue-query under the hood.

Init TanStack Query Vue plugin

To use the query client in your Vue app, you'll need to initialise the vue-query client in your app.

import { VueQueryPlugin } from '@tanstack/vue-query';

createApp(App).use(VueQueryPlugin).mount('#app');

initQueryClient

The below snippet is how you'd create a query client, this is pretty much the same structure as the @ts-rest/core client.

import { initQueryClient } from '@ts-rest/vue-query';

export const client = initQueryClient(router, {
baseUrl: 'http://localhost:3333',
baseHeaders: {},
api?: () => ... // <- Optional Custom API Fetcher (see below)
});

To customise the API, follow the same docs as the core client here

tip

By default, ts-rest encodes query parameters as regular URL encoded strings (with support for nested objects, arrays etc) with full decode compatibility from qs

To encode query parameters as JSON, you can use the jsonQuery option, please note you'll need to configure your backend to support decoding JSON query parameters.

export const client = initQueryClient(router, {
...,
jsonQuery: true
});

useQuery and useMutation

Once you've created a client using initQueryClient, you may traverse the object (in the exact same structure as your contract layout) to find the query or mutation you want to use.

const queryResult = client.posts.get.useQuery(
['posts'], // <- queryKey
() => {
params: {
id: '1';
}
}, // <- Query params, Params, Body etc (all typed)
{ staleTime: 1000 } // <- vue-query options (optional)
);

using dynamic parameters

To use dynamic parameters, you can add a reactive vue Ref to the queryKey to trigger automatic refetching, when the reference changes.

The following example will refetch the query everytime the postId changes and is truthy.

const postId = computed(() => selectedPost.value.id);

const queryResult = client.posts.get.useQuery(
['posts', postId], // <- queryKey with reactive ref
(context) => {
params: {
id: postId.value; // or use queryKey passed to context: context.queryKey[1]
}
},
{ enabled: computed(() => !!postId.value) } // <- make sure to use computed values for reactive options
);
tip

The design philosophy of @ts-rest/vue-query is to make it as easy as possible to use vue-query with @ts-rest. This means that the useQuery and useMutation hooks are as close to the original vue-query hooks as possible, as such we don't abstract away from the query keys or the options. Only the query function itself!

<template>
<div class="App">
<h1>Posts from posts-service</h1>

<div v-if="isLoading">Loading...</div>
<div v-if="error">Error: {{ error }}</div>

<div v-if="data">
<div v-for="post in data.body" :key="post.id">
<h2>{{ post.title }}</h2>
<p>{{ post.content }}</p>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</template>

<script lang="ts" setup>
// Effectively a useQuery hook
const { data, error, isLoading } = client.getPosts.useQuery(['posts']);

// Effectively a useMutation hook
const { mutate, isLoading } = client.posts.create.useMutation();
</script>
info

When destructing the response from useQuery or useMutation, remember that ts-rest returns a status and body property, so you'll need to destructure those as well.

The reason for this is error handling! Please see the Relevant Docs

Regular Query and Mutations

@ts-rest/vue-query allows for a regular fetch or mutation if you want, without having to initialise two different clients, one with @ts-rest/core and one with @ts-rest/vue-query.

// Normal fetch
const { body, status } = await client.posts.get.query();

// useQuery hook
const { data, isLoading } = client.posts.get.useQuery();

useInfiniteQuery

One fantastic feature of vue-query is the ability to create infinite queries. This is a great way to handle pagination.

Prisma's Docs explain the concepts of cursor and offset pagination fantastically, especially if you use Prisma client with @ts-rest

Cursor Pagination

This is a simple cursor based pagination example,

const { isLoading, data, hasNextPage, fetchNextPage } = useInfiniteQuery(
queryKey,
({ pageParam = 1 }) => pageParam,
{
getNextPageParam: (lastPage, allPages) => lastPage.nextCursor,
getPreviousPageParam: (firstPage, allPages) => firstPage.prevCursor,
}
);

Offset Pagination

This example specifically uses an API with skip and take query parameters, so this is requires slightly more configuration than a regular query (hence the complicated looking getNextPageParam)

const PAGE_SIZE = 5;

export function Index() {
const { isLoading, data, hasNextPage, fetchNextPage } =
client.getPosts.useInfiniteQuery(
['posts'],
({ pageParam = { skip: 0, take: PAGE_SIZE } }) => ({
query: { skip: pageParam.skip, take: pageParam.take },
}),
{
getNextPageParam: (lastPage, allPages) =>
lastPage.status === 200
? lastPage.body.count > allPages.length * PAGE_SIZE
? { take: PAGE_SIZE, skip: allPages.length * PAGE_SIZE }
: undefined
: undefined,
}
);

if (isLoading) {
return <div>Loading...</div>;
}

if (!data) {
return <div>No posts found</div>;
}

const posts = data.pages.flatMap((page) =>
page.status === 200 ? page.body.posts : []
);

//...
}